Thursday, November 20, 2014

Scientia, Ratio, Veritas, Pax

Welcome to Pax Scientia. This blog will focus on four topics, specifically, and how they affect our world.

Scientia - Science

Science is a structured and methodical way of thinking. It is not the body of knowledge often associated with science. Science results in knowledge and understanding, but it is not itself knowledge and understanding. It is self-correcting, and as at this point in its development, it is self-refining. We no longer have amazing discoveries of science that completely overturn everything we knew, but rather we have amazing discoveries of science that further sharpen the image we have of the universe.

Science is also not technology. Technology is a result of scientific inquiry paired with practical engineering, but two societies could start with the same scientific understanding of the universe and develop completely different technology. One of the more frustrating things of being a proponent of scientific thinking is hearing science be denigrated for the horrors of misused technology. Technology is neutral; it is, quite literally, a tool, which can be used for either good or evil. If it is used for evil, that is the fault of those who wield it, not the technology itself, or the science which lead to the development of the technology.

But before one can make a judgement about whether an application of a scientific discovery is good or ill, one first must understand the science. It is for this reason that I propose that everyone should become a scientist. I don't mean that you should engage in science for a living (though that is certainly a great profession to engage in), but I mean that each of us should become scientists in our daily lives. Apply the concepts of science to the development of our own worldviews.

Why should we all become amateur scientists? Because science is the only method of seeking knowledge that is proven to work. That's it. There is no other method for gaining knowledge that actually produces more knowledge. If you want to live your life intelligently, in a way that doesn't rely on trial and error, nothing beats science.

Ratio - Reason

Reason is the mother of science. The scientific method developed from an formalization of rational thought. But reason in a broader sense is thinking without the underpinning of emotion, superstition, and prejudgment.

Much of the harm in the world is caused by people acting on irrational impulses. Violent crimes, religious extremism, and all forms of bigotry are based on emotional drives and preconceived notions that are the antithesis of rational thought. This isn't to say that people can't commit atrocities based on reason, but it rarely seems to be the case.

This isn't to say that we should live our lives devoid of emotion. Emotion drives our impulses and our ambitions, but should not drive our actions. Emotions give us a reason to live, but not guide how we live.

Veritas - Truth

It may seem counter-intuitive, but science does not deliver truth. It, instead, helps us create a framework for understanding the universe that is both descriptive and predictive in nature. That can look like truth, but it is a model of truth, not truth itself.

So what is truth? Can it be said that there is such a thing as objective truth? These are questions that this blog will explore, but let us start here: objective truth is what can be observed and measured, particularly when those observations and measurements can be duplicated by others. Much of what affects us daily - politics, the economy, relationships, religion - are not any sort of truth in this objective sense, but are only true or false in the context of an agreed-upon social construct.

Knowing the difference is crucial, because objective truth can only be changed through the application of technology, if even then. "Everyone dies" is an objective truth, based on millennia of observation, and it can only be changed by technological means, if at all. "White people are better than black people", "some people will always be incredibly wealthy while others starve", or "tall people make better leaders" are social constructs that exist as truths in the minds of those who accept them, but do not have a basis in objective reality. They persist only because a preponderance of people believe them to be true, even if they don't think it's right, and may be acted upon without people even realizing that they believe it. Prejudice can be a subconscious drive, which makes it that much harder to overcome.

Some social constructs may have a basis in our own genetic predispositions, programmed into us through evolutionary processes. This does not make them true. The seeking of revenge, for instance, is a drive that may very well have its roots in evolutionary development. That doesn't make it rational, and that doesn't make the need for revenge a "truth" that must always be indulged.

Pax - Peace

What is the good of understanding the universe through science, directing our actions through reason, and discerning the difference between objective truth and social constructs? The purpose can be and should be to make the world a better place. Humanism, or the belief that all of us can strive for a world of equality and freedom, is a value system, another social construct, but one that can be applied for a greater good. It will be the goal of this blog to explore the topics above with the goal of furthering humanism, which can be the only way of developing lasting peace in the world.

Scientia, Ratio, Veritas, Pax

Thank you for joining my exploration. It is with hope that I begin this journey, and trepidation that others may not come with me, but the destination very well may be the salvation of human kind. This may seem hyperbole, but without an adoption of scientific rationalism and humanism as our guiding principles, the human species may be on a precipice. We can build a society meant to serve our existing social constructs, or we can build one that serves humanity. I don't believe we can do both.